AIM: The objective of the present study was to evaluate the possibilities for the correction of muscular disorders associated with ankylosing spondylitis and their correction with the help of whole body cryotherapy.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 55 patients randomly allocated to two groups Group I was comprised of the patients treated with the use of the common mineral baths. physiotherapy, therapeutic physical exercises, spinal massage. and whole body aircryotherapy Group 2 contained the patients who were treated in a similar way with the exception of whole body cryotherapy they served as controls. Muscular disorders were diagnosed by means of functional muscular testing.
RESULTS: The study has demonstrated the high prevalence of muscular disorders in the patients suffering from ankylosing spondylitis. Moreover it revealed the profile of such disorders associated with ankylosing spondylitis and showed significant correlation between the results of functional muscular testing BASMI and BASFI indices as well as characteristics of chest excursions (p<0 01) The analysis of the results of the treatment gave evidence of the higher effectiveness of the combined treatment including whole body cryotherapy in comparison with the alternative therapeutic modalities employed in the present study. This therapeutic modality ensured the statistically more pronounced improvement of functional muscular testing parameters p<0.05) muscle strength and extensibility. as well as certain other clinical and functional characteristics. The groups of muscles most susceptible to cryogenic therapy have been identified.
CONCLUSION: The data obtained in the present study shed light on some specific features of the action of whole body cryotherapy accounting for its corrective influence on the muscular disorders in the patients presenting with ankylosing spondylitis It is concluded that the proposed approach can be recommended for the introduction in the combined therapeutic and rehabilitative treatment of muscular disorders associated with ankylosing spondylitis
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